Wednesday, September 26, 2007

Chapter Forty-five

Originally published 4/15/2007.

In this chapter, we've got examples of people really hurting other people, though not all the hurt is intentional. Still, while Miss Bingley intends to hurt Lizzy, Lizzy is great-minded enough to thwart the attack without fighting back, an action which wins yet more approval from Darcy and, I think, convinces him a bit more that Lizzy knows the truth about Wickham.

Convinced as Elizabeth now was that Miss Bingley's dislike of her had originated in jealousy, she could not help feeling how unwelcome her appearance at Pemberley must be to her, and was curious to know with how much civility on that lady's side the acquaintance would now be renewed.

Convictions well-grounded in reality, as we will plainly see later.

On reaching the house, they were shown through the hall into the saloon, whose northern aspect rendered it delightful for summer. Its windows opening to the ground, admitted a most refreshing view of the high woody hills behind the house, and of the beautiful oaks and Spanish chestnuts which were scattered over the intermediate lawn.

In this house they were received by Miss Darcy, who was sitting there with Mrs. Hurst and Miss Bingley, and the lady with whom she lived in London...

I assume this is the lady with whom Miss Darcy lived in London, also that her name is Mrs. Annesley.

...Georgiana's reception of them was very civil, but attended with all the embarrassment which, though proceeding from shyness and the fear of doing wrong, would easily give to those who felt themselves inferior the belief of her being proud and reserved. Mrs. Gardiner and her niece, however, did her justice, and pitied her.

Here I think we see that, while it may not be such a large breach of good manners as Mrs. Bennet so universally displays, shyness is not good manners. Instead of reaching out to others to make them comfortable, shyness requires others to reach out to the shy person to make her (in this case) comfortable.

By Mrs. Hurst and Miss Bingley they were noticed only by a curtsey; and, on their being seated, a pause, awkward as such pauses must always be, succeeded for a few moments. It was first broken by Mrs. Annesley, a genteel, agreeable-looking woman, whose endeavour to introduce some kind of discourse proved her to be more truly well-bred than either of the others;...

I assume here that Austen is referring to Mrs. Hurst and Miss Bingley.

...and between her and Mrs. Gardiner, with occasional help from Elizabeth, the conversation was carried on. Miss Darcy looked as if she wished for courage enough to join in it; and sometimes did venture a short sentence when there was least danger of its being heard.

I can't help laughing at such a description of a shy person. The irony, of course, is that shy people often end up offending the very people they wish to please. That doesn't happen here, but it is often the case.

Elizabeth soon saw that she was herself closely watched by Miss Bingley, and that she could not speak a word, especially to Miss Darcy, without calling her attention. This observation would not have prevented her from trying to talk to the latter, had they not been seated at an inconvenient distance; but she was not sorry to be spared the necessity of saying much. Her own thoughts were employing her. She expected every moment that some of the gentlemen would enter the room. She wished, she feared that the master of the house might be amongst them; and whether she wished or feared it most, she could scarcely determine. After sitting in this manner a quarter of an hour without hearing Miss Bingley's voice, Elizabeth was roused by receiving from her a cold inquiry after the health of her family...

How different this inquiry after Lizzy's family's health is compared with Miss Bingley's brother's inquiry! To sit for 15 minutes before saying a word to someone, and then to venture one cold question, seems to me to put about the coldest shoulder to someone you could. It's rather like a penny tip to a server: you're showing that person you're not ignoring them, and the service was really that bad. It's worse than getting stiffed.

...She answered with equal indifference and brevity, and the others said no more.

The next variation which their visit afforded was produced by the entrance of the servants with cold meat, cake, and a variety of all the entrance of servants with cold meat, cake, and a variety of all the finest fruits in season; but this did not take place till after many a significant look and smile from Mrs. Annesley to Miss Darcy had been given, to remind her of her post...

So Miss Darcy is not the paragon of all excellence that Miss Bingley pointed her out to be. I rather think Miss Darcy is in that difficult in-between stage so many teenagers go through. She's sixteen now, I believe, and while she has her accomplishments, in music especially, I would say that she does not feel herself loved enough to be even quietly confident in society. Her brother does love her very much, but perhaps she does not feel it as she ought. Or if she does, there is yet a delay between the acknowledgement of that love, and its inevitable effect of making her more lovely in every way including a sort of confidence in conversation.

...There was now employment for the whole party-- for though they could not all talk,...

Another amusing jab at Miss Darcy. Poor Miss Darcy.

...they could all eat; and the beautiful pyramids of grapes, nectarines, and peaches soon collected them round the table.

While thus engaged, Elizabeth had a fair opportunity of deciding whether she most feared or wished for the appearance of Mr. Darcy, by the feelings which prevailed on his entering the room; and then, though but a moment before she had believed her wishes to predominate, she began to regret that he came.

My question is, why? I'd love to obtain reader input concerning this question.

He had been some time with Mr. Gardiner, who, with two or three other gentlemen from the house, was engaged by the river,...

Fishing, I assume.

...and had left him only on learning that the ladies of the family intended a visit to Georgiana that morning. No sooner did he appear than Elizabeth wisely resolved to be perfectly easy and unembarrassed; a resolution the more necessary to be made, but perhaps not the more easily kept, because she saw that the suspicions of the whole party were awakened against them, and that there was scarcely an eye which did not watch his behaviour when he first came into the room....

Though with different motives and feelings. We are told just a little later that Georgiana thinks well of Lizzy, and indeed cannot think ill of her, whereas Miss Bingley has a mean spirit towards Lizzy. These feelings towards Lizzy manifest themselves quite obviously, in what follows, by their behavior towards Darcy. No one in the room doubts that Darcy is interested in Lizzy. Hence the connection between feelings for Lizzy and behavior towards Darcy, even if indirect.

...In no countenance was attentive curiosity so strongly marked as in Miss Bingley's, in spite of the smiles which overspread her face whenever she spoke to one of its objects; for jealousy had not yet made her desperate, and her attentions to Mr. Darcy were by no means over. Miss Darcy, on her brother's entrance, exerted herself much more to talk, and Elizabeth saw that he was anxious for his sister and herself to get acquainted, and forwarded as much as possible, every attempt at conversation on either side...

Question: is Georgiana being a little hypocritical? I'm not sure she is. I can easily imagine her merely wanting a little moral support in order to converse with Lizzy, and the presence of Darcy is that catalyst. As per my comment above, perhaps the presence of Darcy's love in person is the enabling force.

...Miss Bingley saw all this likewise; and, in the imprudence of anger, took the first opportunity of saying, with sneering civility:

"Pray, Miss Eliza, are not the ----shire Militia removed from Meryton? They must be a great loss to
your family."

In Darcy's presence she dared not mention Wickham's name; but Elizabeth instantly comprehended that he was uppermost in her thoughts; and the various recollections connected with him gave her a moment's distress; but exerting herself vigorously to repel the ill-natured attack, she presently answered the question in a tolerably detached tone...

This is precisely the correct answer on Lizzy's part, thus showing her to have learned much since Darcy's first proposal.

...While she spoke, an involuntary glance showed her Darcy, with a heightened complexion, earnestly looking at her, and his sister overcome with confusion, and unable to lift up her eyes. Had Miss Bingley know what pain she was then giving her beloved friend, she undoubtedly would have refrained from the hint; but she had merely intended to discompose Elizabeth by bringing forward the idea of a man to whom she believed her partial, to make her betray a sensibility which might injure her in Darcy's opinion, and, perhaps, to remind the latter of all the follies and absurdities by which some part of her family were connected with that corps. Not a syllable had ever reached her of Miss Darcy's meditated elopement. To no creature had it been revealed, where secrecy was possible, except to Elizabeth; and from all Bingley's connections her brother was particularly anxious to conceal it, from the very wish which Elizabeth had long ago attributed to him, of their...

Meaning the connections, I think.

...becoming hereafter her own...

Through which marriage, though? I think Austen is here referring to Darcy's marriage with Lizzy, not Bingley's with Jane, though if any reader thinks otherwise, I am, as usual, open to suggestions. The first "He" which follows refers to Darcy.

...He had certainly formed such a plan, and without meaning that it should affect his...

Meaning Darcy.

...endeavour to separate him...

Meaning Bingley. The remaining pronouns in this paragraph refer to Darcy. I went to the trouble of resolving all these pronouns because I think Austen's writing here is not perhaps quite so clear as it might have been had she resolved a few more of them herself. On the other hand, it is a 21st century mind saying that.

...from Miss Bennet, it is probable that it might add something to his lively concern for the welfare of his friend.

Elizabeth's collected behaviour, however, soon quieted his emotion; and as Miss Bingley, vexed and disappointed, dared not approach nearer to Wickham, Georgiana also recovered in time, though not enough to be able to speak any more. Her brother, whose eye she feared to meet, scarcely recollected her interest in the affair, and the very circumstance which had been designed to turn his thoughts from Elizabeth seemed to have fixed them on her more and more cheerfully.

The A&E version has an absolutely wonderful scene here: Darcy looks at Lizzy with a very loving eye, and she returns it, somewhat. I think it's very romantic.

Their visit did not continue long after the question and answer above mentioned; and while Mr. Darcy was attending them to their carriage, Miss Bingley was venting her feelings in criticisms on Elizabeth's person, behaviour, and dress. But Georgiana would not join her...

I think Austen mentions this fact of Georgiana not joining her precisely because such was probably Miss Bingley's aim. If she can get any Darcy to speak ill of Lizzy, she will feel she had scored a point.

...Her brother's recommendation was enough to ensure her favour; his judgement could not err. And he had spoken in such terms of Elizabeth as to leave Georgiana without the power of finding her otherwise than lovely and amiable. When Darcy returned to the saloon, Miss Bingley could not help repeating to him some part of what she had been saying to his sister.

Thus showing how little self-control Miss Bingley has.

"How very ill Miss Eliza Bennet looks this morning, Mr. Darcy," she cried; "I never in my life saw anyone so much altered as she is since the winter. She is grown so brown and coarse! Louisa...

Mrs. Hurst.

...and I were agreeing that we should not have known her again."

However little Mr. Darcy might have liked such an address, he contented himself with coolly replying that he perceived no other alteration than her being rather tanned, no miraculous consequence of travelling in the summer.

"For my own part," she rejoined, "I must confess that I never could see any beauty in her. Her face is too thin; her complexion has no brilliancy; and her features are not at all handsome. Her nose wants character-- there is nothing marked in its lines. Her teeth are tolerable, but not out of the common way; and as for her eyes, which have sometimes been called so fine, I could never see anything extraordinary in them. They have a sharp, shrewish look, which I do not like at all; and in her air altogether there is a self-sufficiency without fashion, which is intolerable."

Abusing Lizzy's appearance in the hopes that such will cause Darcy not only to think worse of her looks, but also of her character. Notice the words, "sharp, shrewish look" and "self-sufficiency without fashion."

Persuaded as Miss Bingley was that Darcy admired Elizabeth,...

Not without reason.

...this was not the best method of recommending herself;...

So what would have been a good way? Perhaps speaking good about Lizzy behind her back (this is almost always a very good thing to do. Kind words about someone who cannot "defend" herself (a she in this case), tend to get around back to the person spoken of. This usually makes the person spoken of feel really good!). Miss Bingley should acknowledge that God is in control, and if Darcy is to pursue Lizzy, it would be better simply to stand out of the way. Miss Bingley's behavior stems in part from a misunderstanding of the will of God.

...but angry people are not always wise; and in seeing him at last look somewhat nettled, she had all the success she expected. He was resolutely silent, however, and, from a determination of making him speak, she continued:

Third's try's the clincher. She's tried twice to anger him without success, so she'll plough on.

"I remember, when we first knew her in Hertfordshire, how amazed we all were to find that she was a reputed beauty; and I particularly recollect your saying one night, after they had been dining at Netherfield, 'She a beauty! I should as soon call her mother a wit.' But afterwards she seemed to improve on you, and I believe you thought her rather pretty at one time."

Such a patronizing speech has scarcely been said to date in this whole book! Perhaps Mr. Collins could give Miss Bingley a run for her money.

"Yes," replied Darcy, who could contain himself no longer, "but that was only when I first saw her, for it is many months since I have considered her as one of the handsomest women of my acquaintance."

He then went away, and Miss Bingley was left to all the satisfaction of having forced him to say what gave no one any pain but herself.

I love that! Miss Bingley getting her just deserts.

Mrs. Gardiner and Elizabeth talked of all that had occurred during their visit, as they returned, except what had particularly interested them both...

Darcy, of course. I find this amusing. Lizzy won't bring the subject up, perhaps because of embarrassment, and Mrs. Gardiner won't bring it up, perhaps because she doesn't want to embarrass Lizzy. Whereas, there is nothing that either of them would rather talk about! I'm reminded of that line from My Fair Lady, when Professor Higgins says, concerning women, "Let a woman in your life, and you're up against a wall, / Make a plan and you will find, she has something else in mind, / And so rather than do either you do something else that neither likes at all."

...The look and behaviour of everybody they had seen were discussed, except of the person who had mostly engaged their attention. They talked of his sister, his friends, his house, his fruit--...

Rather sly of Austen, I think, to put such an absurdity in comparison with the man himself. Amusing, I think.

...of everything but himself; yet Elizabeth was longing to know what Mrs. Gardiner thought of him, and Mrs. Gardiner would have been highly gratified by her niece's beginning the subject.

Next week: the Crisis Begins.